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Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS, 2007)

The Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2007 (BDHS 2007) was the fifth DHS undertaken in Bangladesh, following those implemented by Mitra and Associates in 1993-94, 1996-97, 1999-2000, and 2003-04. As with the prior surveys, the main objective of the BDHS 2007 survey was to provide up-to-date information on fertility and childhood mortality levels, fertility preferences, awareness, approval, and use of family planning methods, maternal and child health including breastfeeding practices, nutrition levels and newborn care, knowledge and attitudes toward HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STI), violence against women, and community-level data on accessibility and availability of health and family planning services. All ever-married women aged between 10 and 49 who slept in the selected households the night before the survey was eligible as respondents.  The survey produced representative indicator values for the country as a whole, for the urban and the rural areas separately, and for each of the six divisions. In total, there were 9 report domains: Bangladesh, urban areas of Bangladesh, rural areas of Bangladesh, Barisal Division, Chittagong Division, Dhaka Division, Khulna Division, Rajshahi Division, and Sylhet Division.


Apart from the female survey, a male survey was also conducted at the same time in a sub-sample consisted of one in every two households selected for the female survey. All men aged between 15 and 54 who slept in the selected households the night before the survey was eligible as respondents. The survey collected information on the basic demographic status, the use of family planning methods, and the knowledge and attitudes toward HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).


The survey was implemented with a national sample of about 10,000 ever-married women of reproductive age (15–49) (eligible women) and a sub-sample of about 4,000 ever-married men aged 15–54 (eligible men). The sample was a two-stage, stratified, non-self-weighting one drawn in terms of households. The sample frame consisted of the 2001 Bangladesh census frame, with updated information on wards in Dhaka City. Sample points were consisted of mouzas for rural areas and mahallas for urban areas. Approximately 360 sample points were selected. They were distributed more or less evenly among the six divisions. Roughly, 30 households were randomly selected in a systematic fashion in each rural sample point and 25 in each urban point. 


A Service Availability Survey was carried out by a separate team of interviewers over the sample clusters of the BDHS survey. For a cluster, the service facility data were collected covering its (cluster’s) Upazila Health Complex (UHCs), Union Health and Family Welfare Center (UHFWC), Rural Dispensary (RD), and the Non-governmental Organization (NGO) health facilities in the union where the cluster was located. The following information was gathered from a health facility in the facility survey: the type of services provided by the facility, the coverage of its services, and its stock-out situations pertaining to health and family planning supplies. 


The survey contract was awarded by Macro International, USA. The financial support was provided by the USAID and the technical assistance by Macro International, USA.


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